Study Notes and Questions on NCF 2005 for CTET and TET Exams

The National Curriculum Framework is one of four National Curriculum Frameworks published in 1975, 1988, 2000 and 2005 by the National Council of Educational Research and Training NCERT in India. The document provides the framework for making syllabi, textbooks and teaching practices within the school education programmes in India.

The Five Basic Tenets of the National Curriculum Framework 2005 are:

  1. Connecting knowledge to life outside the school
  2. Ensuring that learning shifts away from rote methods
  3. Enriching the curriculum so that it goes beyond textbooks
  4. Making examinations more flexible and integrating them with classroom life, and
  5. Nurturing an overriding identity informed by caring concerns within the democratic polity of the country.

NCF focused on

  1. Learning without burden to make learning a joyful experience and move away from textbooks to be a basis for examination and to remove stress from children. It recommended major changes in the design of syllabus.
  2. To develop a sense of self-reliance and dignity of the individual which would for the basis of social relationship and would develop a sense of nonviolence and oneness across the society.
  3. To develop a child centered approach and to promote universal enrollment and retention up to the age of 14.
  4. To inculcate the feeling of oneness, democracy and unity in the students the curriculum is enabled to strengthen our national identity and to enable the new generation reevaluate.
  5. J. P. Naik has described equality, quality and quantity as the exclusive triangle for Indian education.
  6. With respect to social context NCF 2005 has ensured that irrespective of caste, creed, religion and sex all are provided with a standard curriculum.


Candidates preparing for CTET and other teaching exams should go though the complete PDF of the National Curriculum Framework 2005. Below are the download links for NCF 2005 PDF.

Download NCF 2005 in English

Download NCF 2005 in Hindi

Questions based on NCF 2005 are frequently asked in CTET (Central Teachers Eligibility Test) and State TET Exams.


Following questions were asked in previous years related to NCF 2005. Sign up here for previous years papers and mock papers.

Question / Answer

Question #1 According to NCF, 2005, the role of a teacher has to be:

[Child Development and Pedagogy] [CTET-2016-09]
  • dictatorial
  • permissive
  • facilitative correct answer
  • authoritative
Question #2 Which of the following is not an objective of teaching mathematics at primary level according to NCF, 2005?

[Mathematics] [CTET-2016-09]
  • Preparing for learning higher and abstract mathematics correct answer
  • Making mathematics part of child’s life experiences
  • Promoting problem solving and problem posing skills
  • Promoting logical thinking
Question #3 According to the NCF, 2005, which one of the following is not a major aim of Mathematics education in primary schools?

[Mathematics] [CTET-2016-02]
  • To mathematisation of the child’s thought process correct answer
  • To relate Mathematics to the child’s context
  • To enhance problem solving skills
  • To prepare for higher education in Mathematics
Question #4 As per the NCF. 2005, which one among the following is the theme of EVS?

[Environmental Studies] [CTET-2016-02]
  • Food correct answer
  • Solar system
  • Weather
  • Energy
Question #5 Which one of the following the National Curriculum Framework (NCF, 2005) does not propose in the context of EVS teaching

[Environmental Studies] [CTET-2015-09]
  • Linkages with children’s experience and context
  • Hands on activities
  • Familiarity with technical terms correct answer
  • Thematic approach
Question #6 As per the National Curriculum Framework (NCF), 205 multi-linguatism in learning a language should be seen as a

[Language I – English] [CTET-2016-02]
  • challenge for students to learn many languages
  • challenge for teachers to manage such classes
  • hindrance in teaching – learning English
  • resource in teaching – learning English correct answer
Question #7 The NCF (2005) considers that Mathematics involves ‘a certain way of thinking and
reasoning’. From the statements given below, pick out one which does not reflect the above principle:

[Mathematics] [CTET-2011-06]
  • The method by which it is taught
  • Giving students set formulae to solve the numerical questions correct answer
  • The way the material presented in the textbooks is written
  • The activities and exercises chosen for the class
Question #8 As per NCF 2005, teaching of numbers and operations on them, measurement of quantities, etc. at primary level caters to the

[Mathematics] [CTET-2014-09]
  • narrow aim of teaching mathematics correct answer
  • higher aim of teaching mathematics
  • aim to mathematise the child’s thought process
  • aim of teaching important mathematics
Question #9 The NCF (2005) considers that Mathematics involves ‘a certain way of thinking and reasoning. The vision can be realized by

[Mathematics] [CTET-2012-01]
  • giving special coaching to students
  • adopting exploratory approach, manipulative, connecting concepts to real life, use of involving students in discussions correct answer
  • rewriting all text-books of Mathematics
  • giving lots of problem worksheets to students
Question #10 As per the NCF 2005, the narrow aim of teaching mathematics at school is

[Mathematics] [CTET-2015-02]
  • To develop numeracy related skills correct answer
  • To teach algebra
  • To teach calculation and measurement
  • To teach daily life problems related to linear algebra
Question #11 According to NCF 2005 “Developing children’s abilities for Mathematization is the main goal of Mathematics education. The narrow aim of school Mathematics is to develop ‘useful’ capabilities.” Here mathematization refers develop child’s abilities

[Mathematics] [CTET-2013-07]
  • to develop the child’s resources to think and reason mathematically, to pursue assumptions to their logical conclusion and to handle abstractioncorrect answer
  • in performing all number operations efficiently including of finding square root and cube root
  • to formulate theorems of Geometry and their proof Independently
  • to translate word problems into linear equation
Question #12 NCF 2005 emphasizes that

[Mathematics] [CTET-2013-07]
  • Maths shall be taught to selective students
  • succeeding in Mathematics should be mandatory for every children correct answer
  • students should be tested first for their logico mathematical ability
  • Maths curriculum shall be separate for low achiever
Question #13 NCF 2005 emphasizes on constructivist approach of learning as it focuses

[Mathematics] [CTET-2013-07]
  • effective lecture and instructions by teacher
  • memorization of definitions and formulae
  • submission of regular homework
  • active participation of learner through engaging activitie correct answer
Question #14 According to NCF 2005, errors are important because they

[Child Development and Pedagogy] [CTET-2015-02]
  • Are an important tool in classifying students into groups of ‘passed’ and ‘failed’
  • Provide a way to the teachers to scold the children
  • Provide an insight into the child’s thinking and help to identify solutions correct answer
  • Provide space for removing some children from the class
Question #15 NCF 2005 has not recommended any prescribed curriculum and text-books for EVS for classes I and II. The most appropriate reason for this.

[Environmental Studies] [CTET-2015-02]
  • EVS is only for class III onwards
  • Learners in class I and II cannot read and write
  • To provide contextual learning environment correct answer
  • To reduce the load of curriculum
Question #16 NCF, 2005 states that Mathematics teaching should be ambitious, coherent and important. Here, ‘ambitious’ refers to achievement of

[Mathematics] [CTET-2014-02]
  • narrow goals of Mathematics
  • linking of Mathematics with other subjects
  • application of Mathematics
  • higher goals of Mathematics correct answer
Question #17 ‘Tall shape of Mathematics’ mentioned in NCF, 2005 refers to

[Mathematics] [CTET-2014-02]
  • solving challenging problems
  • creating Maths game
  • providing hands-on experience
  • building of one concept on other correct answer
Question #18 As per NCF 2005, one main goal of Mathematics education in schools is to

[Mathematics] [CTET-2014-09]
  • develop numeracy skills
  • enhance problem solving skills
  • nurture analytical ability
  • mathematise the child’s thought process correct answer
Question #19 As per NCF 2005, one main goal of Mathematics curriculum is ambitious, coherent and teaches important Mathematics. Here ‘ambitious’ refers to

[Mathematics] [CTET-2014-09]
  • seek narrow aims of teaching Mathematics in school
  • seek higher aims of teaching Mathematics in school correct answer
  • teach more than one way of solving problems of Mathematics
  • teach variety of Mathematics like arithmetic, algebra, geometry and data handling
Question #20 As per the vision statement of NCF 2005, School Mathematics does not takes place in a situation, where children

[Mathematics] [CTET-2014-09]
  • learn to enjoy Mathematics
  • see Mathematics as a part of their daily life experience
  • pose and solve meaningful problems
  • memorise formulae and algorithms correct answer
Question #21 In Social Science, the recent NCF position paper on examination reforms emphasises

[Social Studies/Social Sciences] [CTET-2014-09]
  • open book exams
  • continuous assessment correct answer
  • test performance
  • flexible sitting arrangement while testing
Question #22 As per the NCF, 2005

[Mathematics] [CTET-2014-02]
  • narrow aim of teaching Mathematics at school is to teach number system and higher aim is to teach algebra
  • narrow aim of teaching Mathematics at school is to teach calculation and higher aim is to teach measurements
  • narrow aim of teaching Mathematics at school is to develop numeracy-related skill and higher aim is to develop problem-solving skill correct answer
  • narrow aim of teaching Mathematics at school is to that arithmetic and higher aim is to teach algebra
Question #23 The National Curriculum Framework (NCF), 2005 recommends that teaching of Science at upper primary stage should emphasize maximum on

[Science] [CTET-2014-02]
  • relating classroom learning to life outside the school correct answer
  • memorizing all scientific terms given in textbook
  • answering all questions given in textbook exercises
  • improving students performance in examinations
Question #24 On the basis of recommendations of National Curriculum Framework (NCF), 2005, NCERT textbooks in Science lay greater emphasis on

(A) discouraging rote learning
(B) maintaining sharp boundaries between different domains of Science curriculum
(C) providing active learning experiences to students
(D) learning exact definitions of scientific terms

Which one of the following pairs represents the combination of correct statements given above?

[Science] [CTET-2014-02]
  • (A) and (B)
  • (A) and (C) correct answer
  • (C) and (D)
  • (B) and (C)
Question #25 At the upper primary stage, according to NCF-2005, the content of Social Studies will draw its content from which of the following subjects ?

[Social Studies/Social Sciences] [CTET-2013-07]
  • History, Civics and Geography
  • History, Geography, Political Science and Economics correct answer
  • Environmental Science, History, Civics and Geography
  • Disaster Management, History, Political Science and Values Education
Question #26 According to NCF 2005, the aim of education in Social Science should be enable student to

[Social Studies/Social Sciences] [CTET-2013-07]
  • Criticise political decisions
  • Analyse socio-political reality correct answer
  • Retention of information on sociopolitical situation in the country
  • Present knowledge about socio political principles in a lucid and concise way so that students remember them easily
Question #27 National Curriculum Framework (NCF) strongly recommends that Science education at upper primary stage should

[Science] [CTET-2013-07]
  • prepare students for competitive examinations
  • help students to be emotionally balanced
  • help students to acquire computational skills
  • follow constructivistic approach for teaching and learning of the subject correct answer
Question #28 What is the nomenclature change suggested by the National Curriculum Framework (NCF), 2005 for Civics?

[Social Studies/Social Sciences] [CTET-2016-02]
  • Geography
  • History
  • Social and Political Life correct answer
  • Economics
Question #29 The National Curriculum Framework (NCF), 2005 recommends that children’s school education must be linked with

[Social Studies/Social Sciences] [CTET-2016-02]
  • the annual examinations
  • the outside school environment correct answer
  • the mainstream opinions
  • the conditions of the school infrastructure
Question #30 According to NCF 2005, school Mathematics takes place in a situation where:

[Mathematics] [CTET-2015-09]
  • Children are listeners and the teachers is an active narrator
  • Children are involved in chorus drill of formulae and pressure of performance in examination
  • Mathematics is part of children’s life experience correct answer
  • Children are forced to learn all concepts by daily practice
Question #31 As per NCF 2005, the goal of mathematics teaching in school curriculum is that children learn important mathematics” . Important mathematics implies

[Mathematics] [CTET-2015-02]
  • Understanding appropriate use of learnt mathematical techniques correct answer
  • Verifying geometrical theorems in Maths lab
  • Knowing mathematical procedures and algorithms
  • Solving mathematical games and puzzles