CTET and State TETs – People in Environment

  1. Charles Darwin wrote the ‘Origin of Species’
  2. Ralph Emerson (1840) spoke of the dangers of commerce to our environment.
  3. John Muir is remembered as having saved the great ancient sequoia trees in California’s forests.
  4. In the 1960s Rachel Carson published several articles that caused immediate worldwide concern on the effects of pesticides on nature and mankind. She wrote a well known book called ‘Silent Spring’
  5. EO Wilson is an entomologist who envisioned that biological diversity was a key to human survival on earth. He wrote ‘Diversity of Life’ in 1993.
  6. Salim Ali’s name is synonymous with ornithology in India and with the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS).
  7. Indira Gandhi as PM has played a highly significant role in the preservation of India’s wildlife. The Wildlife Protection Act was formulated during her regime.
  8. S P Godrej was one of India’s greatest supporters of wildlife conservation and nature awareness programs.
  9. M S Swaminathan is one of India’s foremost agricultural scientists and has also been concerned with various aspects of biodiversity conservation.
  10. Anil Agarwal was a journalist who wrote the first report on the ‘State of India’s Environment’ in 1982.
  11. Medha Patkar is known as one of India’s champions who has supported the cause of downtrodden tribal people whose environment is being affected by the dams on the Narmada river.
  12. Sunderlal Bahugna – Chipko Movement.
  13. Madhav Gadgil is a well known ecologist in India.
  14. M C Mehta – India’s most famous environmental lawyer.

 

Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives

In 1956 Benjamin Bloom and some fellow researchers published a taxonomy of educational objectives that has been extremely influential in the research and practice of education ever since.

  • A taxonomy is a system of classification. Bloom and his colleagues categorized objectives from simple to complex, or from factual to conceptual.
  • These key elements are commonly known as Bloom’s taxonomy.

This taxonomy defines levels of objectives in 3 domains:

  1. Cognitive (knowledge based) – relating to intellectual capability i.e. knowledge or ‘think’
  2. Affective (emotive based) – relating to feelings, attitudes, values and behaviours
  3. Psychomotor (action based) – relating to physical coordination and performance of physical skills

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CTET and State TET Maths – LCM and HCF Concepts

LCM stands for Lowest Common Multiple, and HCF stands for Highest Common Factor.

The key to telling the difference between these two things is knowing the difference between a multiple and a factor.

A multiple of an integer (whole number) is any integer that appears in its times table. For example, the multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, and so on.

A factor of an integer is any integer that divides the integer with no remainder. For example, the factors of 36 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 36.

We use LCM and HCF to compare two (or more) integers. Read More

CTET and State TET Maths – Place value and face value

Lesson 1: Distinguish between place value and face value of a number

In this lesson, we are going to learn face value and place value of a particular digit in the given number.

Place value:

Place value of a digit in a number is the digit multiplied by thousand or hundred or whatever place it is situated.

Face value:

Face value of a digit in a number is the digit itself. Face value of a digit always remains same irrespective of the position where it is located. Read More

Study Notes and Questions on NCF 2005 for CTET and TET Exams

The National Curriculum Framework is one of four National Curriculum Frameworks published in 1975, 1988, 2000 and 2005 by the National Council of Educational Research and Training NCERT in India. The document provides the framework for making syllabi, textbooks and teaching practices within the school education programmes in India.

The Five Basic Tenets of the National Curriculum Framework 2005 are:

  1. Connecting knowledge to life outside the school
  2. Ensuring that learning shifts away from rote methods
  3. Enriching the curriculum so that it goes beyond textbooks
  4. Making examinations more flexible and integrating them with classroom life, and
  5. Nurturing an overriding identity informed by caring concerns within the democratic polity of the country.

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How should one prepare for the CTET and state TET exams?

Clearing CTET is now mandatory to get a teaching job in government schools. Now-a-days even leading private schools also prefer CTET qualified teachers for recruitment.

You can prepare well for CTET exam in 3-4 months time. Practice and patience are key, the more you practice with good books as well as previous papers and model papers, the better chances you will have to qualify the exam.

The level of competition of CTET exam is quite tough as lacs of students appear in this exam; with qualification rates of 1% to 14% only.

If you want to clear the CTET exam or other State TET exams with flying colors then these tips will be useful;

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