Themes in EVS as per NCF

The National Curriculum Committee had recommended in the 1975 policy document “The Curriculum for the Ten-year School: A Framework”, that a single subject ‘Environmental Studies’ be taught at the primary stage. It had proposed that in the first two years (Class I-II) Environmental Studies will look at both the natural and the social environment, while in Classes III-V there would be separate portions for social studies and general science termed as EVS Part I and Part II.

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CTET and State TETs – People in Environment

  1. Charles Darwin wrote the ‘Origin of Species’
  2. Ralph Emerson (1840) spoke of the dangers of commerce to our environment.
  3. John Muir is remembered as having saved the great ancient sequoia trees in California’s forests.
  4. In the 1960s Rachel Carson published several articles that caused immediate worldwide concern on the effects of pesticides on nature and mankind. She wrote a well known book called ‘Silent Spring’
  5. EO Wilson is an entomologist who envisioned that biological diversity was a key to human survival on earth. He wrote ‘Diversity of Life’ in 1993.
  6. Salim Ali’s name is synonymous with ornithology in India and with the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS).
  7. Indira Gandhi as PM has played a highly significant role in the preservation of India’s wildlife. The Wildlife Protection Act was formulated during her regime.
  8. S P Godrej was one of India’s greatest supporters of wildlife conservation and nature awareness programs.
  9. M S Swaminathan is one of India’s foremost agricultural scientists and has also been concerned with various aspects of biodiversity conservation.
  10. Anil Agarwal was a journalist who wrote the first report on the ‘State of India’s Environment’ in 1982.
  11. Medha Patkar is known as one of India’s champions who has supported the cause of downtrodden tribal people whose environment is being affected by the dams on the Narmada river.
  12. Sunderlal Bahugna – Chipko Movement.
  13. Madhav Gadgil is a well known ecologist in India.
  14. M C Mehta – India’s most famous environmental lawyer.