Vygotsky was called “The Mozart of Psychology“. He was born in 1896- same year as Piaget – in the small Russian town of Orsha.
The sociocultural theory:
- Did NOT focus on the individual child but on the child as a product of social interaction, especially with adults (parents, teachers).
- Focus on DYADIC INTERACTIONS (e.g., child being taught by a parent how to perform some culturally specific action), rather than child by himself.
- Social world mediates children’s cognitive development. Cognitive development occurs as child’s thinking is molded by society in the form of parents, teachers, and peers. This leads to peer tutoring as a strategy in classrooms.
- People’s thinking differs dramatically between cultures because different cultures stress different things.