NameIn OfficeMajor Roles
Warren Hastings 1773–1785 1) Laid the foundation of civil service
Lord Cornwallis  1786 – 17931) Father of the Indian civil service
2) Separated judiciary and administration
3) Permanent settlement in Bengal and Bihar
4) Father of the Police System: He appointed darogas in every thanas for policing
Lord Richard Wellesley 1798-1805 1) Introduction of the Subsidiary Alliance System
2) Maker of madras presidency and creator of Agra province
Lord Hastings 1813-1823 1) Establishment of Ryotwari System
2) Maker of the Bombay province
Lord Amherst 1823 – 1828 1) Mutiny at Barrackpore (1824)
Lord William Bentinck 1828 – 1835 1) Abolition / Prohibition of Sati
2) Lord William Bentinck made the Persian and a Vernacular language for the court proceeding in lower court and made English language as official language for Supreme Court proceeding
3) Introduced English education
Charles Metcalfe 1835 – 1836 1) Granted freedom to the Press in India
Lord Auckland 1836 – 1842 1) He abolished pilgrimage tax, government supervision of religious endowments or of properties of reli­gious establishments
Lord Ellenborough 1842 – 1844 1) Abolished the slavery in India
Lord Hardinge 1844 – 1848 1) Prohibition of female infanticide and human sacrifice among Gonds of central India
Lord Dalhousie 1848 – 1856 1) A separate Public Works Department was established by Lord Dalhousie
2) Laying down of first railway line connecting Bombay and Thane in 1853
3) Introduction of the Doctrine of Lapse
Lord Canning 1856 – 1862 1) The greatest event of the period of his administration was the Revolt of 1857
2) Establishment of three universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857
Lord Mountbatten 1947-1948 1) India’s Independence (15 August 1947)
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari 1948-1950 1) Last Governor-General of India, before the office, was permanently abolished in 1950

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