भाषा विकास में सुनने और बोलने की भूमिका

भाषा विकास में सुनना एवं बोलना की भूमिका (Role Of Listening And Speaking In Language Development) बालक के भाषा विकास में सुनने एवं बोलने की महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका होती है। सुनना और बोलना पढ़ने और लिखने की क्षमताओं के लिए आवश्यक भूमिका तैयार कर देते हैं। वास्तव में ये चार क्षमतायें भाषा के परस्पर सहकारी अंग हैं।  भाषा विकास में सुनने की भूमिका का महत्व निम्नवत् है शुद्ध उच्चारण करने में – सुनना एक स्वाभाविक […]

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Test Construction

CONSTRUCTION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF TEST ITEMS Let us understand different types of test items. Extended- Response Type of Item: In the extended–response type of items, the students are given sufficient freedom in responding to the items. Such type of items permit students to decide which facts they think are most pertinent and to select […]

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Assessment: Tools & Techniques

Achievement test is quite useful in measuring the learning acquisition by particular student in different subjects. Based upon the nature of learning outcome and content measured, quality of test item, procedure of administering and scoring and interpretation the teacher- made tests are prepared. According to the modes of response, three types of test items such […]

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Child Growth and Development

Concept: Human life starts from a single fertilized cell. This cell is under constant interaction with the environment in the mother’s womb and after birth with the outside world. This interaction leads to the Growth and Development of the child. The increasing of an organ or limb of the baby, in size and weight is […]

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Critical Pedagogy

Critical Pedagogy, Poulo Freire has invented and used the term for the very first time, with the theory of exploited oppressed. The information which is transferred to the public is, first filtered by the dominant class and thus get biased in the favor of the dominants thereafter, it is transferred to the public. Critical Pedagogy […]

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Thurston’s Group Factor Theory of Intelligence

‘Group Factor’ term was proposed to describe the ‘Group Factor’ theory. Psychologist Louis L. Thurston (1887-1955) offered a differing theory of intelligence. Instead of viewing intelligence as a single, general ability, Thurston’s theory focused on nine different “primary factors”. These primary factors are independent of each other. The abilities that he identified are as follows: […]

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Child Development and Pedagogy Syllabus

Section Articles Covers Child Development Concept of Development Concept of development and its relationship with learningPrinciples of the development of childrenInfluence of Heredity & Environment Child Development Socialization processes Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers) Child Development https://www.preptoz.com/library/piagets-cognitive-development/ https://www.preptoz.com/library/lev-vygotskys-theory-of-socio-cultural-development/ https://www.preptoz.com/library/kohlbergs-theory-of-moral-development/ Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives Child Development https://www.preptoz.com/library/concept-of-child-centered-education/ https://www.preptoz.com/library/concept-of-progressive-education/ […]

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Concept of progressive education

Progressive education is a pedagogical movement that began in the late nineteenth century. This term had been coined to suffice that all the schools develop to produce more effective and specialized personnel in the coming future. Key Points: Belief in the capability and potential of every child Emphasis on learning by doing – hands-on projects, […]

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Concept of Child Centered Education

Child-centred education places the child first, an approach with the message that all children have the right to an education that helps them grow to their fullest potential. It also focuses on the child’s well-being in all areas. This has increasingly made it popular among parent. Child-centred learning is focused on the student’s needs, abilities, […]

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Piaget’s Cognitive Development

Four Major Stages of Piaget’s Cognitive Development Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development suggests that children move through four different stages of mental development. His theory focuses not only on understanding how children acquire knowledge, but also on understanding the nature of intelligence. Important Concepts within Piaget’s Model: Schemes: Mental model of the world that we […]

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