Lesson Planning

Proper planning of the lessons in key to effective teaching. A daily lesson planning consists of teaching points, specification to be achieved, organization of an orderly sequence of learning activities, actual test items to which pupils are to be exposed Lesson Planning is essential because, effective learning takes place only if content in presented in […]

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Indian Constitution: Structure

The Constitution, in its current form (September 2012), consists of a preamble, 25 parts containing 448 articles, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments to date. Parts: The individual Articles of the Constitution are grouped together into the following Parts: Preamble Part I – Union and its Territory Part II – Citizenship. Part III – […]

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Important Features of the Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India (IAST: Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna) is the supreme law of India. The document lays down the framework demarcating fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. B. R. Ambedkar, chairman of the drafting committee, is widely considered to […]

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Indian Constitution: Influence of other constitutions

The following table illustrates the major sources of Indian Constitution. Country Influences United Kingdom Parliamentary governmentConcept of single citizenshipRule of lawThe legislative speaker and their roleLegislative procedure United States Bill of RightsFederal structure of governmentElectoral CollegeIndependent judiciary and separation of powersJudicial reviewPresident as commander-in-chief of the armed forcesEqual protection under law Republic of Ireland Directive […]

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भारत की प्रमुख झीलें (Lakes of India)

झील जल का वह स्थिर भाग है जो चारो तरफ से स्थलखंडों से घिरा होता है। झील की दूसरी विशेषता उसका स्थायित्व है। सामान्य रूप से झील भूतल के वे विस्तृत गड्ढे हैं जिनमें जल भरा होता है। झीलों का जल प्रायः स्थिर होता है। झीलें मुख्यत: दो प्रकार की होती हैं – खारे (saline) […]

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Physical Geography of India: Drainage systems

The drainage system refers to the system of flow of surface water mainly through rivers. An area drained by a river and its tributaries is called a drainage basin. The drainage system is related to a number of factors like slope of land, geological structure, amount and velocity of water. On the basis of the […]

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Physical Geography of India: Physiography

Based on the variations in its geological structure and formations, India can be divided into three geological divisions. These geological regions broadly follow the physical features: (i) The Penisular Block (ii) The Himalayas and other Peninuslar Mountains (iii) Indo-Ganga-Brahmaputra Plain. PHYSIOGRAPHY: ‘Physiography’ of an area is the outcome of structure, process and the stage of […]

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Taxes in middle age (India)

GhariGhari was tax on Houses. It was introduced by Allauddin Khilji. CharahCharah was tax on Grass lands used for grazing of animals.It was also introduced by Allauddin Khilji. KharazKharaz was tax levied on gross production of lands belonged to non – Muslims.It was introduced by Firoz Shah Tughlaq. UshrafUshraf was tax levied on gross production […]

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