British Governor-Generals of India and their Roles

Name In Office Major Roles Warren Hastings 1773–1785 1) Laid the foundation of civil service Lord Cornwallis  1786 – 1793 1) Father of the Indian civil service 2) Separated judiciary and administration 3) Permanent settlement in Bengal and Bihar 4) Father of the Police System: He appointed darogas in every thanas for policing Lord Richard Wellesley […]

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Officers of the Delhi Sultanate

Delhi Sultanate was established in Northern India under Qutb-ud-din Aibak, who founded the Delhi Sultanate in 1206 under the Mamluk dynasty. Here are various departments and their function. Central Department Function Diwan-i-Risalat Department of appeals Diwan-i-arz Department of Military Diwan-i-Ishtiaq Department of pensions Diwan-i-Mustakhraj Department of arrears Diwan-i-kohi Department of agriculture Diwan-i-insha Department of correspondence […]

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Indian Constitution: Structure

The Constitution, in its current form (September 2012), consists of a preamble, 25 parts containing 448 articles, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments to date. Parts: The individual Articles of the Constitution are grouped together into the following Parts: Preamble Part I – Union and its Territory Part II – Citizenship. Part III – […]

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Important Features of the Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India (IAST: Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna) is the supreme law of India. The document lays down the framework demarcating fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. B. R. Ambedkar, chairman of the drafting committee, is widely considered to […]

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Indian Constitution: Influence of other constitutions

The following table illustrates the major sources of Indian Constitution. Country Influences United Kingdom Parliamentary governmentConcept of single citizenshipRule of lawThe legislative speaker and their roleLegislative procedure United States Bill of RightsFederal structure of governmentElectoral CollegeIndependent judiciary and separation of powersJudicial reviewPresident as commander-in-chief of the armed forcesEqual protection under law Republic of Ireland Directive […]

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Travellers who visited ancient India

Who When From During Details Huien Tsang (Xuanzang) 630 A.D. – 645 A.D. China Harshavardhana’s reign Came from China to India in search of Buddhist belief and practice Ibn Batuta 1333 A.D. – 1347 A.D. Morocco Mohammed Bin Tughlaq Known to have visited the lands of every Muslim ruler of his time Al Beruni 1024 […]

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Great Rulers of Ancient India: Asoka

Emperor Ashoka the Great (sometimes spelt Aśoka) lived from 304 to 232 BCE and was the third ruler of the Indian Mauryan Empire, the largest ever in the Indian subcontinent and one of the world’s largest empires at its time. He ruled form 268 BCE to 232 BCE and became a model of kingship in […]

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