Test Construction

CONSTRUCTION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF TEST ITEMS Let us understand different types of test items. Extended- Response Type of Item: In the extended–response type of items, the students are given sufficient freedom in responding to the items. Such type of items permit students to decide which facts they think are most pertinent and to select […]

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Assessment: Tools & Techniques

Achievement test is quite useful in measuring the learning acquisition by particular student in different subjects. Based upon the nature of learning outcome and content measured, quality of test item, procedure of administering and scoring and interpretation the teacher- made tests are prepared. According to the modes of response, three types of test items such […]

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Child Growth and Development

Concept: Human life starts from a single fertilized cell. This cell is under constant interaction with the environment in the mother’s womb and after birth with the outside world. This interaction leads to the Growth and Development of the child. The increasing of an organ or limb of the baby, in size and weight is […]

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School Management: Most Important Questions

Questions Rastriya Madhyamika Siksha Abhiyan(RAMSA) is a programme for Answer A) Universalisation of Primary Education B) Universalisation of Secondary EducationC) Universalisation of Computer EducationD) None of the above Questions The national curriculum framework 2005 gives emphasis on; Answer A) Class room interactionB) Teacher-pupil relationshipC) Improvement in the quality of EducationD) Improvement in teaching methods Questions […]

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Assessment and Learning

Assessment of Learning: The purpose of this kind of assessment is usually SUMMATIVE and is mostly done at the end of a task, unit of work etc. It is designed to provide evidence of achievement to parents, other educators, the students themselves and sometimes to outside groups (e.g., employers, other educational institutions) Teachers have the […]

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Assessment and Evaluation

Assessment is an ongoing process aimed at understanding and improving student learning. It involves making expectations explicit and public; setting appropriate criteria and high standards for learning quality; systematically gathering, analyzing, and interpreting evidence to determine how well performance matches those expectations and standards, and using the resulting information to document, explain, and improve performance. […]

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Critical Pedagogy

Critical Pedagogy, Poulo Freire has invented and used the term for the very first time, with the theory of exploited oppressed. The information which is transferred to the public is, first filtered by the dominant class and thus get biased in the favor of the dominants thereafter, it is transferred to the public. Critical Pedagogy […]

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Educational Management: School based Management

Concept / Meaning: School based Management involves a system where in the authority levels has been decentralized to the school level. The school has to be in with certain centralized policies .More participation has been encouraged from the sides of principals, Parents, teachers, students committee etc. With regard to the power and the authority to […]

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Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development

Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development, as articulated in the second half of the 20th century by Erik Erikson in collaboration with Joan Erikson. Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. According to Erikson’s theory, every person must pass through a series […]

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Educational Management: School Development Plan

Every SMC has to make an annual School Development Plan (SDP) as part of its school monitoring and assessment. It is up to each State to decide the format for SDPs but plans normally cover the following areas: School access – is the school within 1km (for Primary) and 3km (for Upper Primary) of all elementary-aged children in the community? School coverage – are all […]

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