Child-centred education places the child first, an approach with the message that all children have the right to an education that helps them grow to their fullest potential. It also focuses on the child’s well-being in all areas. This has increasingly made it popular among parent.

Child-centred learning is focused on the student’s needs, abilities, interests, and learning styles with the teacher as a facilitator of learning. This classroom teaching method acknowledges student voice as central to the learning experience for every learner. Teacher-centred learning has the teacher at its centre in an active role and students in a passive, receptive role. Child-centred learning requires students to be active, responsible participants in their own learning.

Traditionally, teachers were at the centre of learning with students assuming a receptive role in their education. With research showing how people learn, traditional curriculum approaches to instruction where teachers were at the centre gave way to new ways of teaching and learning. Key amongst these changes is the idea that students actively construct their own learning (known as constructivism). Theorists like John Dewey, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky whose collective work focused on how students learn is primarily responsible for the move to child-centred learning. Child centred-learning means reversing the traditional teacher-centred understanding of the learning process and putting students at the centre of the learning process.

To implement a child-centred learning environment, attention must be given to the following aspects of learning:
• The goal of student activity
• The role of the teacher
• Student’s motivational orientation
• Assessment
• Student interaction

One of the most critical differences between child-centred learning and teacher-centred learning is in assessment. In child-centred learning, students participate in the evaluation of their learning. This means that students are involved in deciding how to demonstrate their learning. Developing assessment that supports learning and motivation is essential to the success of child-centred approaches

See, if you can answer below questions after reading this article:

Question Child-centred pedagogy means:
[Child Development and Pedagogy] [CTET-2016-02]
OptionsA) giving moral education to the children
B) asking the children to follow and imitate the teacher
C) giving primacy to children’s voices and their active participation
D) letting the children be totally free
C) giving primacy to children’s voices and their active participation
Question Which of the following is based on Learners-centred education? :
[Child Development and Pedagogy] [OTET-2018-12]
OptionsA) Needs, ability and interest of the learner
B) Learning of the learner depends upon the qualitative teaching of teacher
C) Teacher remains active and learner remains passive
D) There is prescribed curriculum for learners
A) Needs, ability and interest of the learner
Question Which of the following is the most important in learner centred curriculum?
[Child Development and Pedagogy] [OTET-2017-09]
OptionsA) Teacher
B) Child
C) Content
D) Environment
B) Child

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