Every SMC has to make an annual School Development Plan (SDP) as part of its school monitoring and assessment. It is up to each State to decide the format for SDPs but plans normally cover the following areas:

  • School access – is the school within 1km (for Primary) and 3km (for Upper Primary) of all elementary-aged children in the community?
  • School coverage – are all children aged 6-14 in the community in school?
  • Physical infrastructure – does the school have appropriate infrastructure (including well-lit classrooms, learning resources, a Mid-Day Meal preparation room and separate toilets for girls and boys) to ensure it can function effectively?
  • Teachers – are there enough teachers to meet the RTE ratio of 1:30-35 and have the teachers received training?
  • Retention, promotion and learning – how are children being taught, and are children achieving in line with expected academic levels?

Preparation of a school-based development plan can be divided into three stages: the planning stage, the implementation stage and monitoring and evaluation stage. There are a set of systematically arranged steps followed in the course of preparation of the schoolbased development plan.

Model Activity Plan for School Development Plan

  • Stage I : Understanding the school and community around
  • Stage II : Discussions and brain storming to identify the school priorities for development
  • Stage III : Identifying Activity/Activities for the School
  • Stage IV : Objectives of the Activity identified and expected outcomes and duration
  • Stage V : Distribution of responsibilities and formation of teams
  • Stage VI : Carrying out the activity decided by the school (implementation)
  • Stage VII : Discussions on Feed back and remedial measures if any
  • Stage VIII : Discussions over achievement of the planned activity and its objectives (outcome)


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