GlandsHormonesFunctionsDisease
Pituitary anterior lobeGrowth hormone (GH)Promotes growth of body tissues Gigantism (hypersecretion)

Dwarfism (hyposecretion)
 ACTH (adrenocoticotrophic hormone)Stimulates hormone release by adrenal cortex  
 TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone)Stimulates thyroid hormone release from thyroid  
 Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Stimulates gamete production in gonads  
Luteinizing hormone (LH) Stimulates androgen production by gonads
 Prolactin (PRL) Promotes milk production from mammary glands  
Pituitary posterior lobeADH (antidiuretic hormone)Stimulates water reabsorption by kidneys Diabetes insipidus (hyposecretion)
 OxytocinStimulates uterine contractions during childbirth  
Thyroid glandThyroxineControls metabolismCretinism, myxedema and goitre (hyposecretion)

Exophthalmic goitre (hypersecretion)
 CalcitoxinRegulates deposition of calcium in bones 
Adrenal cortexMineralocorticoidsRegulate mineral absorptionAddison’s disease (hyposecretion)

Cushing’s syndrom (hypersecretion)
 Sex hormonesRegulate development of secondary sexual characters 
 GlucocorticoidsRegulate fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism 
Adrenal medullaAdrenalineControls responses to emergency 
 NoradrealineControls vasoconstriction 
PancreasInsulinDecreases blood sugar levelDiabetes mellitus (hyposecretion)
 GlucagonIncreases blood sugar level 
 SomatostatinInhibits release of glucagon and insulin 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *