• The Constitution of India (IAST: Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna) is the supreme law of India. The document lays down the framework demarcating fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens.
  • B. R. Ambedkar, chairman of the drafting committee, is widely considered to be its chief architect.
  • The Indian Constitution is the most lengthy and detailed handwritten constitution of any sovereign country in the world. The original constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in a flowing italic style.
  • Originally, it consisted of 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules, but it has been amended from time to time. Currently, it has a preamble, 25 parts with 12 schedules, 448 articles and 103 amendments.
  • The Fundamental Rights are guaranteed by the constitution to all its citizens through Part III of the constitution. The Fundamental Right deals with political and civil rights. It guarantees Rights to Equality, Right to Freedom, Freedom of Religion, Right against Exploitation, Educational and Cultural rights and Rights to Constitutional Remedies.
  • The nature of the State is federal, in the sense that the powers are distributed between the Union and the State. But in times of emergency arising out external danger the Union Government assumes a unitary character and the union is empowered to legislate for all the States
  • The Preamble is an introduction to the constitution. It sets out the goals, the values and the ideals for which our country stands. The objectives specified in the Preamble contains the basic structure of our constitution, which can not be amended in exercise of the power under article 368 of the constitution.

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