NoteThis article covers following important salts, their formula and use in daily life.

Many salts are commonly found and used in the home.

NameFormulaUse
Sodium Chloride NaCl Table salt, or sodium chloride, is the ionic product of the combination of lye, or sodium hydroxide, and hydrochloric acid
Sodium hydroxide NaOH Used for making soap and detergents
Sodium Bicarbonate ( Baking soda )NaHCO3 Sodium bicarbonate is a white, naturally occurring product commonly known as baking soda.
Sodium bicarbonate is commonly used in baking
Washing soda Na2CO3​.10H2O As washing soda for cleaning clothes
In Fire extinguishers
Bleaching powder CaOCl2Used as bleaching agent in cotton indusctry
Hydrated calcium sulfate (Plaster of Paris)CaSO4·¹/₂H2O Used to make plaster casts for supporting broken bones.
Potassium NitrateKNO3To make gunpowder, fireworks and glass
Potassium alum, potash alum, or potassium aluminium sulfate KAl(SO₄)₂·12H₂O Used in water purification, leather tanning, dyeing, fireproof textiles.
Silver nitrate AgNO3 In photography for developing films.
Gypsum CaSO4·2H2O Gypsum uses include: manufacture of wallboard, cement, plaster of Paris, soil conditioning, a hardening retarder in portland cement.
Ammonium iron(II) sulfate, or Mohr’s salt (NH₄)₂Fe(SO₄)₂(H₂O)₆ Mohr’s salt is used in analytical chemistry as the preferred source of ferrous ions due to the solid’s extended shelf life and resistance to oxidation.
Calcium hydroxide (slaked lime) Ca(OH)₂ Used chiefly in mortars, plasters, and cements, in bleaching powder, and in the manufacture of steel

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