The following table illustrates the major sources of Indian Constitution.

United KingdomParliamentary government
Concept of single citizenship
Rule of law
The legislative speaker and their role
Legislative procedure
United StatesBill of Rights
Federal structure of government
Electoral College
Independent judiciary and separation of powers
Judicial review
President as commander-in-chief of the armed forces
Equal protection under law
Republic of IrelandDirective principles of state policy
AustraliaFreedom of trade between states
National legislative power to implement treaties, even on matters outside normal federal jurisdiction
Concurrent List
Preamble terminology
France Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity in the Preamble.
Canada Quasi-federal government — a federal system with a strong central government
Distribution of powers between the central and state governments
Residual powers, retained by the central government
Soviet UnionFundamental Duties under article 51-A
Mandated planning commission to oversee economic development
Germany WeimarThe emergency provision under article 356
South AfricaAmendment of the Constitution and Election of the members of Rajya Sabha
Japan Procedure established by Law
The Government of India Act, 1935 Basic Structure (Federal scheme, Office of Governor, Judiciary, Public Service Commission, Emergency Provisions, Administrative details).

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