Learn all about *percentages* in this easy lesson!

**Q1: What is percentage?**

**Ans:** A percentage is a Number or Ratio Expressed as a Fraction Over 100.

**Q2: What is the Formula for Percentage? **

**Ans:** The formula for Percentage is (Value/Total Value) *100

**Q3: What is the Symbol of Percentage? **

**Ans:** The percentage is denoted by the symbol %.

**Q4: How percentage is represented?**

**Ans: ** Percentage can be written as both a decimal and a fraction. To write a percentage as a decimal, simply divide it by 100. For example, 50% becomes 0.5, 20% becomes 0.2, 1% becomes 0.01 and so on.

**Q5: How percentage is calculated?**

**Ans: ** To calculate the percentage of a specific number, you first convert the percentage number to a** **decimal. … So, 40 percent would be 40 divided by 100. 40 ÷ 100 = .40. Once you have the decimal version of your percentage, simply multiply it by the given number. Like, 9/10 will be 90%.

**Q6: How to subtract any percentage from a number?**

**Ans:** To subtract any percentage from a number, simply multiply that number by the percentage you want to remain. In other words, multiply by 100 percent minus the percentage you want to subtract, in decimal form. To subtract 20 percent, multiply by 80 percent (0.8).

**Example 1.** A Family has 11 women and 9 men. Find what percentage of the Family’s members are men.

- Find out
*what part*(fraction) of the choir’s members are men. That is 9/20. - Write 9/20 as a percent. Use equivalent fractions: 9/20 = 45/100 = 45%.

**Example 2.** One pair of shoe costs $5 and the other costs $8. How many percent is the price of cheaper shoe of the price of the more expensive shoe?

- Write what part the cheaper price is of the more expensive price. The answer is 5/8.
- Write 5/8 as a percentage. A calculator gives 5/8 = 0.625… Rounded to the nearest whole percent, that’s 62%.

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