Proper planning of the lessons in key to effective teaching. A daily lesson planning consists of teaching points, specification to be achieved, organization of an orderly sequence of learning activities, actual test items to which pupils are to be exposed Lesson Planning is essential because, effective learning takes place only if content in presented in an integrated and correlated manner G.H. Green says “The teacher who has planned his lesson wisely related” to his topic and to his classroom without any anxiety, ready to embark with confidence upon a job he understands and prepared to carry in to a workable conclusion. He has foreseen the difficulties that are likely to arise, and prepare himself to deal with them. He knows the aims that lesson is intended to fulfill, and he has marshaled his own resources for the purpose. And because he is free of anxiety he will be able to estimate the value of his work as lesson proceeds, equally aware of failure and success and prepared to learn from both.
A daily lesson plan is confined to only one period. The contention presented in the form of teaching points. The learning activities discussed in detail. The test items may be in the form of an essay or short answer or objective type questions.
Suggestions to improve lesson plan: –
- It is important to highlight only the key concepts or relation and save most of the time for them.
- It must be made in the context of overall unit plan and should be continuous from day to day.
- To make the lesson plan fit a long-range schedule the teacher must give careful attention to important ideas of the textbook for a particular day.
Steps in lesson planning (Herbartion steps)
- 1. Introduction: – This stage prepares the students for new knowledge. This step is important but, must be brief. It must test previous knowledge of the child. Curiosity of pupils can be aroused by some experiment, chart, model, story, discussion etc.
- 2. Presentation: – The actual lesson begins at this stage. The teacher makes use of different teaching aids to make lesson effective. Teacher must involve students to make lesson interesting.
- 3. Association: – The new ideas must be associated with daily life situation by citing suitable examples and drawing comparison with related concepts. This step is important as principles are established.
- 4. Generalization: – An effort must be made so that, students draw the conclusion themselves. Teacher should guide the students only if their generalization in either incomplete or irrelevant.
- 5. Application: – The knowledge gained through the lesson must be applied to certain situations. This step is conformity with the general desire of the students to make use of generalization in order to see for themselves if the generalizations are valid in certain situations or not?
- 6. Recapitulation: – At this last stage, teacher tries to ascertain whether his students have understood and grasped the subject or not. This cheeks the effectiveness of the lesson. All these six steps are herbartion try gives for lesson planning. Teacher can guide lines and in many lessons it is not possible to follow all the methods
Advantages of lesson plan:
- 1. It stimulates the teacher to ask questions.
- 2. It provides freedom in teaching.
- 3. In induces confidence among teachers.
- 4. Lesson planning make the work, regular, organized and systematic.
- 5. It saves a lot of time.