Concept of Child Centered Education

Child-centred education places the child first, an approach with the message that all children have the right to an education that helps them grow to their fullest potential. It also focuses on the child’s well-being in all areas. This has increasingly made it popular among parent. Child-centred learning is focused on the student’s needs, abilities, […]

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People in Environment

Charles Darwin wrote the ‘Origin of Species’ Ralph Emerson (1840) spoke of the dangers of commerce to our environment. John Muir is remembered as having saved the great ancient sequoia trees in California’s forests. In the 1960s Rachel Carson published several articles that caused immediate worldwide concern on the effects of pesticides on nature and […]

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Concept of Place value and Face value

Lesson 1: Distinguish between place value and face value of a number In this lesson, we are going to learn face value and place value of a particular digit in the given number. Place value: Place value of a digit in a number is the digit multiplied by thousand or hundred or whatever place it is […]

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Piaget’s Cognitive Development

Four Major Stages of Piaget’s Cognitive Development Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development suggests that children move through four different stages of mental development. His theory focuses not only on understanding how children acquire knowledge, but also on understanding the nature of intelligence. Important Concepts within Piaget’s Model: Schemes: Mental model of the world that we […]

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Learning Disabilities

DEFINING LEARNING DISABILITIES: Learning Disabilities is a neurological condition which manifests as the “inability” to listen, speak, read, spell, write and do mathematical calculations. Learning disabilities can occur in any or all of six areas (listening, speaking, reading, writing, mathematics, and reasoning) indicates that individuals with LD are a diverse group and have a variety […]

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Lev Vygotsky’s theory of Socio Cultural Development

Vygotsky was called “The Mozart of Psychology“. He was born in 1896- same year as Piaget – in the small Russian town of Orsha. The sociocultural theory: Did NOT focus on the individual child but on the child as a product of social interaction, especially with adults (parents, teachers). Focus on DYADIC INTERACTIONS (e.g., child […]

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Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development

Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is a stage-based model of moral maturity developed by Lawrence Kohlberg in 1958. The theory offers three levels of moral development, each of which contains two stages. Kohlberg asserts that moral development is neither the result of a genetic blueprint nor the result of conscious teaching of morality. Rather, it is a process […]

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Ratio and Proportion

The concept of ratio and proportion is one of the most essential concepts in maths. A ratio is a relationship between two numbers that defines the quantity of the first in comparison to the second. Ratios can be written in the fractional form. For example: 3:7 or 3/7. When quantities are proportional, their ratios are equal. 

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Mean, Median, Mode & Range

The terms mean, median and mode are used to describe the central tendency of a large data set. Range provides provides context for the mean, median and mode. Mean: It is the average of all the values of a dataset. Significance: While buying a car you are not interested in the no. of Kilometers car […]

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Personality & its tests

The term personality has been derived from the Latin word persona which means a mask. It was used by actors to hide themselves and to act without being noticed by the audience. The following are just a few of the definitions that have been put forth by some different psychologists:  “That which permits a prediction […]

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