Test Construction

CONSTRUCTION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF TEST ITEMS Let us understand different types of test items. Extended- Response Type of Item: In the extended–response type of items, the students are given sufficient freedom in responding to the items. Such type of items permit students to decide which facts they think are most pertinent and to select […]

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Assessment: Tools & Techniques

Achievement test is quite useful in measuring the learning acquisition by particular student in different subjects. Based upon the nature of learning outcome and content measured, quality of test item, procedure of administering and scoring and interpretation the teacher- made tests are prepared. According to the modes of response, three types of test items such […]

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Child Growth and Development

Concept: Human life starts from a single fertilized cell. This cell is under constant interaction with the environment in the mother’s womb and after birth with the outside world. This interaction leads to the Growth and Development of the child. The increasing of an organ or limb of the baby, in size and weight is […]

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School Management: Most Important Questions

Questions Rastriya Madhyamika Siksha Abhiyan(RAMSA) is a programme for Answer A) Universalisation of Primary Education B) Universalisation of Secondary EducationC) Universalisation of Computer EducationD) None of the above Questions The national curriculum framework 2005 gives emphasis on; Answer A) Class room interactionB) Teacher-pupil relationshipC) Improvement in the quality of EducationD) Improvement in teaching methods Questions […]

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Common phrasal verbs with meanings

What are Phrasal Verbs? A phrasal verb is a combination of words (a verb + a preposition or verb +adverb) that when used together, usually take on a different meaning to that of the original verb. Phrasal Verb Meaning Act on To take action because of something like information received. Act out Perform something with actions and gestures.. Act […]

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Prepositions and their Usage

A preposition is a word that links a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to some other part of the sentence. A preposition is used to show direction, location, or time, or to introduce an object. Some words can be used either as prepositions or as adverbs. If the word is followed by a noun or […]

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Learn English Pronunciation : Phonemic Chart

Phonetics is the branch of linguistics that examines sounds in a language. Phonetics describes these sounds using the symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). The IPA uses a single symbol to describe each sound in a language. If a letter in a word is silent, there will be no IPA symbol used in the transcription. This phonemic chart uses symbols […]

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Endangered plant species and their conservation measure

Based on the survey and exploration as well as herbarium and literature studies, about 1500 species of flowering plants and few hundreds of Pteridophytes, Bryophytes, Lichens and Fungi have been identified as threatened.  Biodiversity andits conservation are now vital environmental issues of international concernas more and more people around the world begin to realise the […]

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Classification of Plant Kingdom

Plants are one of the five main groups of living things. These groups are called kingdoms. The plant kingdom includes such living things as grasses, trees, ferns, bushes, and flowers. Botanists, the scientists who study plants, have counted more than 300,000 species (kinds) of plants. Plant Classification: In order to study the billions of different […]

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Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis ( photo =light, synthesis-= putting together ) is the process of formation of simple sugars by green plants, some bacteria, and some protistans from water from soil and carbon dioxide from air in presence of sunlight and chlorophyll. Photosynthesis converts light/solar energy into chemical energy, and thus is very important to life. Chemical equation […]

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