The National Curriculum Committee had recommended in the 1975 policy document “The Curriculum for the Ten-year School: A Framework”, that a single subject ‘Environmental Studies’ be taught at the primary stage. It had proposed that in the first two years (Class I-II) Environmental Studies will look at both the natural and the social environment, while in Classes III-V there would be separate portions for social studies and general science termed as EVS Part I and Part II.

EVS is an approach to the learning of environment in totality without being burdened by any disciplinary considerations.

The focus is on

  • Surroundings rather than content
  • Situation rather than subject
  • Experience rather than knowledge

The National Curriculum Framework 2005 indicates some of the objectives of teaching science and Social Sciences at the primary stage as follows:

  • to train children to locate and comprehend relationships between the natural, social and cultural environment;
  • to develop an understanding based on observation and illustration, drawn from lived experiences and physical, biological, social and cultural aspects of life, rather than abstractions;
  • to create cognitive capacity and resourcefulness to make the child curious about social phenomena, starting with the family and moving on to wider spaces;
  • to nurture the curiosity and creativity of the child particularly in relation to the natural environment (including artifacts and people);
  • to develop an awareness about environmental issues;
  • to engage the child in exploratory and hands-on activities to acquire basic cognitive and psychomotor skills through observation, classification, inference, etc.;
  • to emphasise design and fabrication, estimation and measurement as a prelude to the development of technological and quantitative skills at later stages;
  • to be able to critically address gender concerns and issues of marginalisation and oppression with values of equality and justice, and respect for human dignity and rights.

Themes in EVS

The syllabus for Classes III-V is woven around six common themes given below; the predominant theme on ‘Family and Friends’ encompasses four sub-themes:

1. Family and Friends:
1.1 Relationships;
1.2 Work and Play;
1.3 Animals;
1.4 Plants
2. Food;
3. Shelter;
4. Water;
5. Travel;
6. Things We Make and Do

Question / Answer

Question #1 As per the NCF. 2005, which one among the following is the theme of EVS?
[Pedagogical Issues – Environmental Studies] [Environmental Studies] [CTET-2016-02]
Options Food correct answer
Solar system
Question #2 Which one of the following the National Curriculum Framework (NCF, 2005) does not propose in the context of EVS teaching
[] [Environmental Studies] [CTET-2015-09]
Options Linkages with children’s experience and context
Hands on activities
Familiarity with technical terms correct answer
Thematic approach
Question #3 NCF 2005 has not recommended any prescribed curriculum and text-books for EVS for classes I and II. The most appropriate reason for this.
[] [Environmental Studies] [CTET-2015-02]
Options EVS is only for class III onwards
Learners in class I and II cannot read and write
To provide contextual learning environment correct answer
To reduce the load of curriculum
Question #4 Which National Curriculum Framework (NCF) recommended Environmental Studies to be taught as an integrated curricular area at the primary level?
[Pedagogical Issues – Environmental Studies] [Environmental Studies] [CTET-2018-12]
Options NCF-2005
NCF-1975 correct answer

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